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1. Barkun, A., Fallone, C.A., Chiba, N., Fishman, M., Flook, N., Martin, J. et al: A Canadian clinical practice
algorithm for the management of patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Canadian
Journal of Gastroenterology, (2004,18(10), 605-609
2. Enns RA, Gagnon YM, Barkun AN, Armstrong D, Gregor JC, Fedorak RN.: Validation of the Rockall
scoring system for outcomes from non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a Canadian setting.
World J Gastroenterol 2006 December;12(48):7779-7785
3. C. H. Lim, D. Vani, S. G. Shah, S. M. Everett, B. J. Rembacken: The Outcome of Suspected Upper
Gastrointestinal Bleeding With 24-Hour Access to Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: A Prospective
Cohort Study Endoscopy 2006; 38: 581-585
4. Nicholas Carbonell, Arnaud Pauwels, Lawrence Serfaty, Pierre-Yves Boelle, Laurent Becquemont, Raoul
Poupon: Erythromycin Infusion Prior to Endoscopy for Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A
Randomized, Controlled, Double-Blind Trial Am J Gastroenterol 2006;101:1200-1208
5. P. W. Y. Chiu, H. K. M. Joeng, C. L. Y. Choi, K. H. Kwong, E. K. W. Ng, S. H. Lam: Predictors of peptic
ulcer rebleeding after scheduled second endoscopy: clinical or endoscopic factors? Endoscopy 2006;
38: 726-729
6. Schemmer P, Decker F, Dei-Anane G, Henschel V, Buhl K, Herfarth C, Riedl S.: The vital threat of an
upper gastrointestinal bleeding: Risk factor analysis of 121 consecutive patients. World J gastroenterol
2006 June;12(22):3597-3601
7. Yilmaz S, Bayan K, Tuzun Y, Dursun M, Canoruc F.: A head to head comparison of oral vs intravenous
omeprazole for patients with bleeding peptic ulcers with a clean base, flat spots and adherent clots.
World J Gastroenterol 2006 December;12(48):7837-7843
8. James M. Scheiman, M.D. 1 , Neville D. Yeomans, M.D. 2 , Nicholas J. Talley, M.D. 3 , Nimish Vakil,
M.D. 4 , Francis K. L. Chan, M.D. 5 , Zsolt Tulassay, M.D. 6 , Jorge L. Rainoldi, M.D. 7 , Leszek
Szczepanski, M.D. 8 , Kjell-Arne Ung, M.D. 9 , Dariusz Kleczkowski, M.D. 10 , Henrik Ahlbom, B.Sc.
11 , Jorgen Naesdal, M.D. 11 , and Christopher Hawkey, M.D.: Prevention of Ulcers by Esomeprazole
in At-Risk Patients Using Non-Selective NSAIDs and COX-2 Inhibitors Am J Gastroenterol
9. J. Regula, E Butruk, C.P.M. Dekkers, et al: Prevention of NSAID- associated Gastrointestinal Lesions:
Pantoprazole vs. Omeprazole 2006 AJG 101; 1747-55
10. Annmarie Lassen, Ph.D. 1 , Jesper Hallas: D.M.S. 2 , and Ove B.Schaffalitzky de Muckadell: D.M.S.
Complicated and Uncomplicated Peptic Ulcers in a Danish County 1993-2002: A Population-Based
Cohort Study Am J Gastroenterol 2006;101:945-953)
11. Kam-Chuen L, Chu KM, Hui WM, et al: Esomeprazole With Aspirin Versus Clopidogrel for Prevention
of Recurrent Gastrointestinal Ulcer Complications Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006;4:860-865
12. Choi SJ, Kim YS, Chae JR, Cho HK, Kim TH, Sohn YW, Oh YL, Seo GS, Nah YH, Choi S.: Effects of
ranitidine for exercise induced gastric mucosal changes and bleeding. World J Gastroenterol 2006
13. Ng W, Wong WM, Chen WH, Tse HF, Lee PY, Lai KC, Li SW, Ng M, Lam KF, Cheng X, Lau CP.:
Incidence and predictors of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients receiving low-dose aspirin for
secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease. World J
Gastroenterol 2006 May;12(18):2923-2927
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14. Liou TC, Lin SC, Wang HY, Chang WH.: Optimal injection volume of epinephrine for endoscopic
treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding. World J Gastroenterol 2006 May;12(19):3108-3113
15. Hallas J, Dall M, Andries A, et al: Use of single and combined antithrombotic therapy and risk of seri
ous upper gastrointestinal bleeding: population based case-control study. BMJ, doi: 10.1136/bmj.
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16. A Lanas, L A Garci´a-Rodri´guez, M T Arroyo, F Gomollo´n, F Feu, A Gonza´lez-Pe´rez, E Zapata, G
Ba´stida, L Rodrigo, S Santolaria, M Gu¨ell, C M de Argila, E Quintero, F Borda, J M Pique´: on behalf
of the Investigators of the Asociacio´n Española de Gastroenterologi´a (AEG) Risk of upper gastroin
testinal ulcer bleeding associated with selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors, traditional non-aspirin
non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs, aspirin and combinations Gut 2006;55:1731-1738.
17. Shaul Atar MDa, Christopher P. Cannon MD, FACCb, Sabina A. Murphy MPHb, Salvatore Rosanio
MD,PhDa, Barry F. Uretsky MD, FACCa and Yochai Birnbaum MD: FACCa Statins are associated with
lower risk of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with unstable coronary syndromes: Analysis of the
Orbofiban in Patients with Unstable coronary Syndromes-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 16
(OPUS-TIMI 16) trial , American Heart Journal Volume 151, Issue 5 , May 2006, Pages 976.e1-976.e6
18. Wessinger S, Kaplan M, Choi L, Williams M, Lau C, Sharp L, Crowell MD, Keshavarzian A, Jones MP.:
Increased use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in patients admitted with gastrointestinal haem
orrhage: a multicentre retrospective analysis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Apr 1;23(7):937-44.
19. Yuan Y, Tsoi K, Hunt RH.: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and risk of upper GI bleeding: con
fusion or confounding? Am J Med. 2006 Sep;119(9):719-27
20. Yoon, S. L., & Schaffer, S. D.. Herbal: Prescribed, and Over the counter Drug use in Older Women:
Prevalence of Drug Interactions. Geriatric Nursing (2006)
21. Leenen, Frans H.H.; Nwachuku, Chuke E.; Black, Henry R.; Cushman, William C.; Davis, Barry R.;
Simpson, Lara M.; Alderman, Michael H.; Atlas, Steven A.; Basile, Jan N.; Cuyjet, Aloysius B.; Dart,
Richard; Felicetta, James V.; Grimm, Richard H.; Haywood, L Julian; Jafri, Syed Z.A.; Proschan,
Michael A.; Thadani, Udho; Whelton, Paul K.; Wright, Jackson T.: for the Antihypertensive and LipidLowering
Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) Collaborative Research Group Frans
Leenen ALLHAT study Clinical Events in High-Risk Hypertensive Patients Randomly Assigned to
Calcium Channel Blocker Versus Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor in the Antihypertensive
and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial. Hypertension. 2006;48:359-361.
22. Schmidmaier, R.; Bittmann, I.; Götzberger, M.; Straka, C.; Meinhardt, G.;Eigler, A.: Vascular ectasia
of the whole intestine as a cause of recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding after high-dose chemotherapy
Endoscopy 2006; 38 : 940-42
23. Maiss, C. Baumbach, Y. Zopf, A. Naegel, M. Wehler, T. Bernatik, E. G. Hahn, D. Schwab: Hemodynamic
efficacy of the new resolution clip device in comparison with high-volume injection therapy in spurting
bleeding: a prospective experimental trial using the compactEASIE simulator Endoscopy 2006; 38: 808-812
24. Giorgio Saracco MD, a, Chiara Giordanino MDa, Navone Roberto MDa, David Ezio MDa, Todros
Luca MDa, Stefania Caronna MDa, Patrizia Carucci MDa, Wilma De Bernardi Venon MDa, Claudio
Barletti MDa, Mauro Bruno MDa, Claudio De Angelis MDa, Alessandro Musso MDa, Alessandro
Repici MDa, Renzo Suriani MDa and Mario Rizzetto: MDa Fatal multiple systemic embolisms after
injection of cyanoacrylate in bleeding gastric varices of a patient who was noncirrhotic but with idio
pathic portal hypertension Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Volume 65, Issue 2 , February 2007, Pages 345-347
25. Prepared by: Standards of Practice Committee, Raquel E. Davila MD, Elizabeth Rajan MD, Douglas
G. Adler MD, James Egan MD, William K. Hirota MD, Jonathan A. Leighton MD, Waqar Qureshi MD,
Marc J. Zuckerman MD, Robert Fanelli MD: SAGES Representative, Jo Wheeler-Harbaugh RN,
SGNA Representative, Todd H. Baron MD, Vice-Chair and Douglas O. Faigel MD, Chair ASGE
Guideline: the role of endoscopy in the patient with lower-GI bleeding Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.
Volume 62, Issue 5 , November 2005, Pages 656-660
26. Sheth Rahul, Someshwar Vimal, Warawdekar Gireesh: Treatment of acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage
by superselective transcatheter embolization Indian Journal of Gastroenterology Year: 2006 | Volume :
558 Gastro Update 2007
25 | Issue : 6 | Page : 290-294
27. Akira Anan MD, Makoto Irie MD, Hiroshi Watanabe MD, et al: Colonic varices treated by balloon-occluded
retrograde transvenous obliteration in a cirrhotic patient with encephalopathy: a case report Gastrointest
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28. Ba MC, Qing SH, Huang XC, Wen Y, Li GX, Yu J.: Diagnosis and treatment of small intestinal bleeding:
Retrospective analysis of 76 cases. World J Gastroenterol 2006 December;12(45):7371-7374
29. Ba MC, Qing SH, Huang XC, Wen Y, Li GX, Yu J.: Application of laparoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of
massive small intestinal bleeding: Report of 22 cases. World J Gastroenterol 2006 November;
30. Pablo Alonso-Coello1, Ed Mills, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Maite López-Yarto, Qi Zhou2, and John F.
Johanson, Gordon Guyatt: Fiber for the Treatment of Hemorrhoids Complications: A Systematic
Review and Meta-Analysis Am J Gastroenterol 2005;100:181-188
31. Kim, Hyun S. M.D. 1; Kim, Tae I. M.D. 2; Kim, Won H. M.D. 2; Kim, Young-Ho M.D. 3; Kim, Hyo J.
M.D. 4; Yang, Suk-Kyun M.D. 5; Myung, Seung-Jae M.D. 5; Byeon, Jeong-Sik M.D. 6; Lee, Moon S.
M.D. 6; Chung, Il K. M.D. 6; Jung, Sung-Ae M.D. 7; Jeen, Yoon T. M.D. 8; Choi, Jai H. M.D. 8; Choi,
Kyu Y. M.D. 9; Choi, Hwang M.D. 9; Han, Dong S. M.D. 10; Song, Jae S. M.D. 11: Risk Factors for
Immediate Postpolypectomy Bleeding of the Colon: A Multicenter Study: CME Australian
Occupational Therapy Journal. 101(6):1333-1341, June 2006